The Philippines is the:
• 3rd riskiest country in the world when it comes to natural disasters (2017 World Risk Report)
• 13th most climate-vulnerable country (2016 Climate Change Vulnerability Index)
• 5th most affected country by weather-related loss events from the period of 1997-2016 (2018 Global Climate Risk Index)
Why prioritize this sector?
The threat of climate change and other climate hazards is not gender neutral. Prevailing inequalities, including gender inequalities, are magnified by climate-related events and often neglected is the fact that it has more devastating effects on women and girls.
Gender-based discrimination in this sector is experienced by women and girls in different ways:
insecure land and tenure rights; lack of access to and control of economic and natural resources; limited opportunities to participate in environmental decision-making; lack of access to markets, capital, training and technologies; multiple burden of women being the primary caregivers of affected family members, additional income earners, and community workers; exposure to contracting diseases due to limited reproductive health services and facilities and unhygienic water and lack of private spaces for personal hygiene needs; and gender-based violence risks in the form of physical abuse, rape and sexual harassment in evacuation centers and sexual exploitation in the form of sex trafficking and post-disaster prostitution.
This sector focuses on addressing and eliminating the prevailing inequalities that exist for women and girls in the areas of biodiversity, climate change and disasters, and other environment-related areas through the adoption of international strategies: Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (BPfA), Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), among others, and strategic actions aligned with the Gender Equality and Women Empowerment (GEWE) indicators of concerned sectoral bodies. It is also endeavored to ensure the promotion of women as agents of change and leaders in the environmental arena, as well as the equal participation of women and men in decision-making at all levels on environmental issues.