Labor and Employment


Despite the great efforts of the Philippines to promote decent work and gender equality both in law and practice, there still remains some challenges that the country faces.

The labor force participation rate of women remains lower than that of men which could be attributed to the prevalence of gender-based discrimination at the workplace particularly discrimination in hiring, retention and advancement of women workers, sexual harassment, wage gap and limited flexible work arrangement, among others. Moreover, the issue on unpaid care and the concentration of domestic and care work to women compound on the multiple burden which limits on their full participation in the labor market. The limited and unequal participation of women in economic opportunity has direct impact in the country’s economic growth and development. The labor force participation rate of women is about 48% while men is approximately 77% — which is 29% lower than that of men.

Addressing the constraints of women, removing the barriers and harnessing their potentials are seen as key to achieving lasting and sustainable growth. Thus, it is essential for the Philippine Commission on Women to build strategic partnership with key economic agencies and other relevant groups and institutions from private and non-government to collaborate and provide a business environment for advancing women’s economic empowerment.