Fidel Valdez Ramos
Adoption of the Philippine Plan for Gender-Responsive Government, a 30-year perspective plan that outlines the policies, strategies, programs and projects that the government must adopt to enable women to participate in and benefit from national development. 1
The Gender and Development Budget Policy was instituted and its systematic monitoring by virtue of Republic Act 7192. 2
The GAD Budget provision mandated all government agencies and instrumentalities including LGUs to allocate a minimum of five percent (5%) of their total appropriations for GAD programs and project. This policy has been incorporated annually in the General Appropriations Act, though revisions have been made to ensure its effective implementation. 3
There was a scarce representation of women in the Cabinet but President Fidel V. Ramos proved as a staunch ally of the Commission. Hence, he issued a number of Executive Orders that sought to deepen the bases and broaden the scope of gender mainstreaming. He increased the frequency of presidential meetings with NCRFW from twice a year to quarterly. 4
RA 7192: Women in Development and Nation Building Act provided the legal basis for equal opportunities for women and men.
RA 7192 provided the legal basis for equal opportunity for women and men in political and civic life. It was specifically mandated for the formulation of the Philippine Plan for Gender-Responsive Development (1995-2025). 5
RA 7322: Act increasing maternity benefits in favor of women workers in the private sector
RA 7600: Rooming-in and Breast-Feeding Act that provides incentives to all government and private health institutions with rooming-in and breastfeeding practices
RA 7655: Increases the minimum wage for domestic workers
The NCRFW and the Development Academy of the Philippines held a forum on gender and development to establish a network of GAD experts and facilitators. Eighty participants represented the academe, women NGOs, national line agencies, LGUs, consultancy groups and others. 6
RA 7688: An Act giving representation to women in the Social Security Commission
Executive Order No. 208, s. 1994: Further Defining the Composition, Powers and Functions of the NCRFW
To meet the growing demands on its services, the NCRFW’s composition was further defined through the issuance of Executive Order No. 268, designating ten Department Secretaries as Ex-Officio Board Members of the Commission and twelve private sector representatives. 7
Under Executive Order No. 273, s. 1995, the Philippine Plan for Gender-Responsive Development was adopted as the country’s main vehicle for implementing the 1995 Beijing Platform for Action (BPfA), which was espoused at the 1995 UN 4th World Conference on Women. 8
The BPfA was the resulting document of said Conference held in Beijing, China, wherein the governments and the United Nations agreed to promote gender mainstreaming as a strategy to ensure that a gender perspective is reflected in all policies and programmes at the national, regional and international levels. It represents the international community’s towards the promotion of women’s welfare.9
Senator Leticia Ramos Shahani introduced the mandatory five percent (5%) allocation for gender and development known as the GAD budget of every government department and agency.10
RA 7877: The Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995 declared all forms of sexual harassment in the employment environment as well as in the education and training environment as unlawful
RA 7882: Provision of Assistance to Women Engaging in Micro and Cottage Business Enterprises and for Other Purposes
RA 7941: Party-list System Act; provided women as one of the sectors who could form sectoral parties
Executive Order 273: Approval and Adoption of the Philippine Plan for Gender-Responsive Development 1995-2025
Executive Order No. 268, s. 1995: Amending the EO No. 208, s. 1995 entitled “Further Defining the Composition, Powers, and Functions of the NCRFW”
Through the support of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the NCRFW implemented the Phase II of the Institutional Strengthening Project to develop skills, tools and systems toward sustainable actions on gender equality. This resulted in policy imperatives addressing gender issues and concerns, development planning for women, setting up of GAD institutional mechanisms, GAD focal systems, GAD training for national agencies and offices, GAD database and gender statistics, and strengthening partnership with women NGOs. 11
The NCRFW together with a team of consultants began the development of the Gender Mainstreaming Evaluation Framework (GMEF) to address the need for a tool to measure the extent of gender mainstreaming efforts of organizations.12
RA 8042: Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995; provided gender-responsive programs for overseas Filipino workers
RA 8187: Paternity Leave Act; called upon government officials to act on domestic violence, granted paternity leave
RA 8353: Anti-Rape Law of 1997 broadened the definition of rape which may be committed by having carnal knowledge of a woman under certain circumstances or by committing acts of sexual assault
RA 8369: Family Courts Act of 1997
Proclamation 1105: National Rural Women’s Day
NO SPECIFIC YEAR
Piloted a hospital-based crisis center that offered treatment, counseling, and temporary shelter for women victims of violence.
1 Philippine Commission on Women. PCW 40th Anniversary video. (2015). Retrieved here on June 2019.
4 Honculada, J. and Ofreneo, R. (2018.) The National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women, the women’s movement and gender mainstreaming in the Philippines. Retrieved here on June 2019.
5 Alporha, Veronica, Evangelista, Meggan and Hega, Mylene. (2017). “Feminism and the Women’s Movement in the Philippines.” Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Retrieved here on June 2019.
6 Focal Point News. Volume III. No. 4. NCRFW. (December 1994).
7 Executive Order No. 268. (1995). Retrieved here on July 2019.
8 Philippine Commission on Women. PCW 40th Anniversary video. (2015). Retrieved here on June 2019.
9 Philippine Commission on Women. N.d. “Beijing Platform for Action.” Retrieved here on July 2019.
10 Alporha, Veronica, Evangelista, Meggan and Hega, Mylene. (2017). “Feminism and the Women’s Movement in the Philippines.” Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Retrieved here on June 2019.
11 National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women. (2001). Making Government Work for Gender Equality.
12 A Handbook on the Application of the Enhanced Gender Mainstreaming Evaluation Framework. (2016). Manila: Philippine Commission on Women.