Peace and Security
Why prioritize this sector?
In their book Sex and World Peace (2012), Valerie Hudson, Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill, Mary Caprioli and Chad Emmett used the largest existing database on the status of women in the world to posit that: the best predictor of a state’s stability and level of peacefulness is how its women are treated, not on its level of wealth, level of democracy or ethno-religious identity. Specifically, there is a strong and highly significant link between state security and women’s security.
The rationale behind the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 in 2000 is primarily focused on ensuring the increased participation and representation of women at all levels of decision-making in the international institutions, regional, and national level and mechanisms for the prevention, management, and resolution of conflict.
In the Philippine context, the Philippine Development Plan 2017-2022, Chapter 17: Attaining Just and Lasting Peace, emphasizes that the buoyancy and sustainability, as well as inclusivity of any economic growth cannot be sufficiently achieved without durable and enduring peace, coinciding with the Six-Point Peace and Development Agenda of the Duterte administration.
In attaining just and lasting peace, gender differentiated impacts of peace and security on the lives of women and girl children show that they are victimized many times over in various stages of armed conflict. For instance, women and girl children are most likely subject to sexual violence, such as rape and trafficking. Conflict situations likewise negatively affect their productive and reproductive roles at home and in the community. Women’s multiple burden and poverty increase during times of conflict.
It is for this reason why the PDP 2017-2022 underscores the continued implementation of the UNSCR 1325 and the National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security (NAPWPS) to ensure that women are further enabled and empowered to expand their role in conflict situations. NAPWPS in the Philippines was borne out of a collaborative politics, several rounds of regional cluster consultations participated by various civil society organizations, including women’s civil society groups which provided recommendations to the track-one process, drawing on information gathered and consensus opinion built in their parallel nongovernmental talks, as well as national government agencies committed to ensuring women and girls’ protection in armed conflict situations and encouraging their participation in conflict prevention, post-conflict rehabilitation, and peace building dating back in 2007.
On March 2010 the NAPWPS was launched to primarily implement UNSCR 1325 and 1820, after the signing of Executive Order 865 that created the implementing institutional infrastructure through the National Steering Committee on Women, Peace and Security.