Laws, Issuances and other Legislation on Women

Rape Victim Assistance and Protection Act of 1998

A rape crisis center shall be established in every province and city to provide counseling, free legal assistance, ensure the privacy and safety of rape survivors, and to develop and undertake a training program for law enforcement officers, public prosecutors, lawyers, medico-legal officers, social workers, and barangay officials on human rights and responsibilities, gender sensitivity and legal management of rape cases. In recognition of the offended party's right to privacy, the law also provides for protective measures for the rape survivor such as: (1) the police officer or the examining physician must be of the same gender as the offended party; (2) only persons authorized by the offended party shall be allowed the examination room; (3) closed-door investigation, prosecution or trial; and (4) the name and personal circumstances of the offended party and/or the accused shall not be disclosed to the public.

The Tax Reform Act of 1997

Rates of Income Tax on Individual Citizen and Individual Resident Alien of the Philippines.

The Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 1997

Section 26 contains provisions that ICC/ IP women shall enjoy land rights and opportunities with men in all spheres of life. It provides for her participation in the decision-making process in all levels as well, full access to education, maternal and child care, health, nutrition, housing services and training facilities.

Family Courts Act of 1997

Family Courts are to be established in every province and city to hear and decide cases involving children, including children in conflict with the law and matters relating to the family such as guardianship, annulment of marriage, declaration of nullity and legal separation, summary judicial proceedings under the Family Code, adoption, custody, support, constitution of the family home, cases of domestic violence against women and children.

Children's Television Act of 1997

The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual and social well-being by enhancing their over-all development, taking into account sectoral needs and conditions in the development of educational, cultural, recreational policies and programs addressed to them.

Anti-Squatting Law Repeal Act of 1997

An act repealing presidential decree entitle "Penalizing Squatting and other similar acts"

National Rural Women’s day

Declaring October 15, 1997, and of every year thereafter, as  “National  Rural Women's Day”

The Anti-Rape Law of 1997

The crime of rape is now a crime against persons under the Revised Penal Code. It broadened the definition of rape which may be committed by having carnal knowledge of a woman under certain circumstances or by committing acts of sexual assault. Survivors of rape and women's groups have long clamored for such a provision because they believe that the act of inserting objects into the genital or anal orifice is equally, if not more degrading. The law somehow recognized marital rape when it provided when the offender is the legal husband, forgiveness by the wife shall extinguish the criminal action or penalty

Adoption of the Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (CIDSS) as the national delivery mechanism for the Minimum Basic Needs (MBN) Approach.

This law declares unlawful the act of hospitals and medical clinics in requesting, soliciting, demanding or accepting any deposit or any form of advance payment as a prerequisite for the treatment of a patient in such hospital or to refuse to administer medical treatment and support as dictated by good practice of medicine to prevent death or permanent disability. This law is beneficial to women and their families, especially those from the depressed areas, because when faced with medical emergency situations they need not worry about giving deposit with the hospital before they can be treated, such practice is now a crime.

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